The Argument for Per Se Treatment of Indirect Access and SAP

Executive Summary Indirect access is illegal, as represented by a legal explanation called “per se.” To understand why it is necessary to understand the history of indirect access. Introduction At Brightwork, we have spent considerable effort analyzing the connection between indirect access and tying agreements, which are illegal under US law. Indirect access is used…

How The University of Chicago and Harvard Write In Defense of Tying Arrangements

Executive Summary How The University of Chicago and Harvard consistently work against the public interest. We cover the overestimation of “Perfectly Competitive Markets.” Introduction In performing research in indirect access rules as employed by SAP, I investigated tying arrangements in tying agreements. I found it interesting to once again run into two of the least…

How to Understand SAP Indirect Access and US Antitrust Tying Arrangement Law

Executive Summary Indirect access is a claim brought by SAP that they can charge customers for any system connected to any SAP system. Indirect access contradicts US antitrust law, and in this article, we will explain why this is the case. Introduction There has been quite a lot of discussion about indirect access due to…