Last Updated on December 25, 2021 by Shaun Snapp
- Melatonin is known as the sleep supplement or hormone, however, it has a critical role in the body’s repair cycle.
Melatonin is normally discussed in terms of helping people get to sleep. This is the primary reason most people take melatonin. However, there is a lesser-discussed feature of melatonin with respect to body repair that will be illuminated in this article.
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The Relationship Between Sleep and Repair
Melatonin tells the body to get ready for sleep, and also to repair the body. Sleep is the time where the body can switch from performing activities to repair. During sleep, there are few demands on the body and few stresses. This is explained in some of the following quotes.
During sleep, a higher level of collagen is released into the body. Collagen proteins help strengthen skin cells and repair those that are damaged. This is important for the healing process. As a side benefit, collagen reduces wrinkles and helps skin look younger.
During the day as you rush to work, head to the gym in the afternoon and get a few chores done before bed, your muscles are working hard and burning energy. Your body releases adrenaline, cortisol and other hormones to meet the energy demands. When you fall asleep, these hormone levels decrease and different beneficial hormones including the human growth hormone are released, which help with muscle repair, growth and general maintenance.
Your body is busy with all your life tasks from walking to working all day long. When you head to bed, your body turns attention to the immune system. Proteins, white blood cells and other substances are sent out to fight off germs, infection and disease. Lack of sleep can actually decrease your resistance to infection and disease because this immune system boost is not able to be completed. Increasing your sleep when you are fighting disease or infection allows your immune system more time to do its work and helps with recovery. – Whitehall
Immunocompromised During the Day?
This quote explains that one is essentially “immunocompromised” during the day. This is because the immune system cannot work at full capacity while one is awake as the body can be viewed as in its production mode.
This is generally not very well explained, as one is normally taught to think of the immune system as just a general defense system that is always functioning. This quote above illustrates the strong connection between melatonin and immunity. Melatonin is also connected to human growth hormone or HGH. HGH also increases during sleep, again to promote repairs.
Repair happens disproportionately when we sleep.
Therefore, rather than viewing sleep as a passive activity (which is how most people look at it), it is more accurate to view it as active. We are not conscious of course, which is a major reason that we underestimate its importance (how can something be so important if the body prefers us to be unconscious?) but our body and brain are very active. Just our consciousness is not and our body is not active in that it is not moving around. It is most accurate to consider the period of sleep as one of the most critical to one’s health. This means not only getting a lot of sleep, but also providing a good sleep environment, regulating the timing of sleep, and providing the best nutrients to the body so it can take advantage of the time of sleep. This last part is nearly entirely ignored by the population and in much of the available information on the topic.
Melatonin and Immunomodulation
As I cover in the article The Cover Up by the Medical Establishment on Vitamin D Levels, vitamin D is an immunomodulatory. This means it keeps the immune system in healthy range, neither overreacting and attacking non foreign entites (auto immune disorders) or underreacting (poor immune response). Melatonin is another immunomodulator, as is explained in the following quotation.
Taking a synthetic supplemental form of that hormone might help people who aren’t producing the hormone naturally because of age, one of several health disorders, or because they’re trying to go to bed at a different time than usual. But it’s less likely to help in most other circumstances and could cause side effects like next-day drowsiness.
Melatonin and Wound Repair
Melatonin helps us do general repair, however, it should not be surprising that it improves more serious types of repair.
The following quote describes this relationship and illustrates the influence of melatonin as wound repair.
We propose that melatonin is an ideal candidate to enhance the process of wound healing. The present study assessed the effects of exogenously administered melatonin (1.2 mg/kg intra-dermal), on scar formation using a full-thickness incisional rat model of dermal wound healing. Melatonin treatment significantly improved the quality of scarring, both in terms of maturity and orientation of collagen fibres. – PubMed
Melatonin also enhances the repair of skeletal muscle.
Melatonin is a highly evolutionary-conserved ancient molecule that was only recently rediscovered as a safe dietary supplement in muscle disorders and in exercise. This review attempts to shed light on potential and promising therapeutic roles of melatonin to limit muscle deterioration, mainly mitochondrial function, and sarcopenia. – NCBI
And this quote shows the benefits to overall body composition improvement.
The participants who had been supplemented with melatonin showed decreased fat mass by 7% compared to the placebo group. They were also able to increase lean mass by 2.9% compared to the placebo participants. Additionally, adiponectin levels increased significantly (by 21%) in the melatonin group.
The participants who had been supplemented with melatonin showed decreased fat mass by 7% compared to the placebo group. They were also able to increase lean mass by 2.9% compared to the placebo participants. Additionally, adiponectin levels increased significantly (by 21%) in the melatonin group.
The research findings suggest that melatonin has a beneficial effect on body composition and fat oxidation (burning). Supplementing with melatonin for 12 months could help reduce body fat, increase lean mass, and increase levels of adiponectin (which improves fat burning).
The results of the study suggested that:
Athletes who were supplementing with melatonin showed an increase in total antioxidant capacity for muscle protection compared to the placebo group.
Melatonin supplementation appeared to prevent the increase of chemical toxins created during oxidative stress compared to the placebo group.
Participants taking melatonin had reduced levels of harmful chemicals, which indicated they experienced less exercise-induced muscle damage from oxidative stress compared to the placebo group.
The melatonin group maintained a higher ratio of protective enzymes that help preserve muscle tissue compared to the placebo group.
Total cholesterol levels were reduced in the melatonin group compared to the placebo.
Though this was a small trial, the researchers concluded that melatonin was beneficial to resistance-trained athletes. Melatonin might help prevent exercise-induced oxidative stress and could offer muscle tissue protection against oxidative damage. – VeryWellFit
Melatonin and Cancer
Before I performed the research I had never heard of a relationship between melatonin and cancer prevention or treatment.
I found the following quotes on this topic.
Melatonin has been shown to play a fundamental part in neuro immune modulation. Besides regulating the circadian rhythm it works as a natural antioxidant with immune stimulatory and anti-cancer properties. Melatonin is a regulator of hemopoiesis and modifies various cells and cytokines of the immune system. Melatonin elicits oncostatic properties in a variety of different tumor cells. A number of studies have documented that melatonin, given in combination with chemotherapy to patients with disseminated disease, increases the overall survival and reduces toxic side effects.
The last decade has shown an increasing interest in melatonin, a pleiotrophic molecule, which functions as sleep regulator, immune stimulant, antioxidant, is a modulator of apoptosis and has oncostatic properties [5-8]. Thus, women who work with night shifwork, and therefore exposed to light at night, have a suppressed level of melatonin and at the same time an increased risk of developing breast cancer .
Melatonin significantly improves complete and partial remission as well as the one-year survival rate by around
50% . These effects probably reflect the pleiotropic functions of melatonin as an immune stimulant and its protection from chemotherapeutic-induced bone marrow suppression, the increased efficacy of chemotherapy, reduce cellular immune levels of oxidative stress  as well as the oncostatic and anti-proliferative properties of melatonin  (Figure 1).
Melatonin displays low toxicity with no serious side effects
reported with doses as high as 20 mg/day [10-12].
Melatonin protects CD4+ T-lymphocytes  and monocytes
 from apoptosis. This effect seems to be mediated by a protection of the mitochondria and activation of intracellular signal pathways .
The influence of melatonin on infectious and autoimmune
diseases has been the focus for a number of studies. These studies show that melatonin administration can be beneficial for patients with infectious diseases by shorting disease duration and improve clinical outcome [6,22]. When it comes to melatonin and autoimmune diseases, the results are few and contradictory [6,22]. Here more research is required, and it is possible that melatonin might not be beneficial in this area.
Melatonin definitely seems to improve overall survival and increase the rate of both partial remissions in cancer patients treated with chemotherapy and in patients in palliative care. Furthermore, the studies show that
melatonin administration reduces the toxic side effects of radio- and chemotherapy on the bone marrow reducing lymphocytopenia, thrombocytopenia and anaemia. At the same time there has been reported a protective effects towards neurotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, fatigue and neoplastic cachexia [10-13,22,30]. – Clin Med Journal
One question might be is if any of this is specific to cancer, or if it melatonin simply improves the functioning of the immune system. I bring up this same issue Why Are Some Supplements Treatments for Covid with respect to the melatonin improving the response versus the immune system.
The Impacts of Aging on Melatonin Production
As we age, our melatonin production declines. This means we sleep less well, and this means that we repair ourselves less well. Many health websites treat melatonin as an unnecessary supplement. However, on the other hand, they acknowledge both the increase in sleep problems as people age and the fact that the body creates less melatonin as we age. This seems like a strange position to hold that melatonin supplementation may not be necessary particularly for older individuals.
Melatonin Versus Cortisol
Cortisol is the stress hormone and stops the body from repairing itself. Cortisol rises to unhealthy levels when we over-exercise or experience high levels of stress. Melatonin blocks the effect of too much cortisol production.
This is another reason that melatonin is so good prior to sleep. If a person has higher cortisol levels, they will not repair themselves as well.
Melatonin and Artificial Light
Humans evolved without all of the artificial lights that we have today. For this reason, it was much easier for the body to begin producing melatonin earlier, as melatonin production in part is modulated by light. In the past, the light level decline when the sun went down. However, that is no longer the case. Anyone who uses a computer or other lit screen is further reducing their melatonin production.
The Relationship Between Melatonin and Vitamin D
Vitamin D is the signal to the body that it is not winter, and to not be parsimonious with the repair work. Melatonin gets the body into the state of optimal repair. This is the relationship between these two supplements and a relationship that I do not see written about much, however, it is obvious. One might say that this relationship is less well-proven.
I put the relationship together through understanding how each of these items works. And as I showed in the article Why Are Some Supplements Treatments for Covid, it is very rare that I see a relationship like this, and that relationship later proves to be invalid.
WebMD on Melatonin
WebMD had an article on melatonin that was far more negative than my experiences taking melatonin. See the following quotes from this WebMD article.
One review of 15 studies involving 284 subjects found that those who took melatonin before bed fell asleep 3.9 minutes faster on average and slept 13 minutes longer. Another, of 19 studies involving 1,700 people, found melatonin users fell asleep 7 minutes faster on average and slept 8 minutes longer.
The dosage is not listed. However, one of the strategies of the medical establishment is to use very low doses of the supplement and then say that there is little effect. Here is another good example of this under dosage.
For instance, start with 0.5 mg (500 micrograms) or 1 mg 30 minutes before going to bed. If that does not seem to help you fall asleep, try increasing your dose to 3–5 mg. – Healhline
I have never heard of a dose of .05 MG.
.05 MG is so low, it is difficult to find a supplement pill of that size. The minimum pill size for melatonin is normally 3 GM, or 6x .05 MG.
This might be because the naturally produced level of melatonin is actually less than this as is explained in the following quotation.
Most studies begin with a conservative dose (less than 0.3 mg per day)—which is close to what our body produces naturally. – VeryWellFit
The idea that someone should start at .05 MG of melatonin is curious. Yes, I understand it is higher than the average internal production, but supplements are always higher than this.
The following claim is also ridiculous.
Taking more melatonin than this likely will not help you fall asleep faster. The goal is to find the lowest dose that’ll help you fall asleep. – Healhline
That would be true if melatonin had widely reported side effects, but it doesn’t. The following quote by Healthline addresses this issue of potential side effects.
That being said, some people may experience mild side effects, such as:
nausea – Healhline
And these side effects…
Disruption of circadian rhythms if too much is taken
Drowsiness if taken during the day
Drowsiness upon waking if too much is taken the night before
Vivid dreams or nightmares
Some people report additional side effects, such as stomach cramps, dizziness, headache, irritability, reduced libido, and reduced sperm count in men. – VeryWellFit
However, I do not agree that these are widespread side effects. The following quote also claims side effects from Melatonin.
Taking a synthetic supplemental form of that hormone might help people who aren’t producing the hormone naturally because of age, one of several health disorders, or because they’re trying to go to bed at a different time than usual. But it’s less likely to help in most other circumstances and could cause side effects like next-day drowsiness. – Consumer Reports
First, that quote is bizarre, as it is known that melatonin production drops with age. And everyone ages.
Even at 30 MG of melatonin per night, I have never had any side effects, (although I did not measure my sperm count before and after) and obviously, this is a much higher dosage than anything described in Healthline.
In fact, Jeff T Bowles recommends even higher levels of melatonin supplementation than this. Either I have a bizarrely high tolerance level of melatonin supplementation, or these side effects are being exaggerated.
Here are several low dosages of melatonin studies that purport to show that taking melatonin will not reduce one’s own internal melatonin production.
A physiological dose of melatonin (0.5 mg) or placebo was given at bedtime to night shift workers (n = 21) for seven days, and endogenous melatonin profiles were measured on the eighth day. The amplitude of endogenous melatonin secretion was unchanged by treatment. Also, a melatonin treatment trial using a 50 mg daily bedtime dose for 37 days to a blind subject resulted in no change in the endogenous melatonin profile. We conclude that circulating melatonin can shift the phase, but does not alter the amplitude, of pineal melatonin secretion. – PubMed
And then this study.
The aim of this study was to assess further the entraining effects of a daily dose of 0.5 mg melatonin on the
cortisol rhythm and its acute effects on subjective sleep in blind subjects with free-running 6-sulphatoxymelatonin (aMT6s) rhythms (circadian period [τ] 24.23-24.95 h). Ten subjects (9 males) were studied, aged 32 to 65 years, with no
conscious light perception (NPL). In a placebo-controlled, single-blind design, subjects received 0.5 mg melatonin or placebo p.o. daily at 2100 h (treatment duration 26-81 days depending on individuals’ circadian period). – SagePub
I have to ask why such a low dosage was used in these studies. This is normal, however. The dosages are set low so that the result or impact of the effect is low.
How Melatonin Reduces the Need for Drug Sleep Aids
Something left out of any of the articles I read that listed the concerns with the potential side effects of melatonin, is that melatonin can replace drug sleep aids.
I know something about this as melatonin eliminated my need for relying on an anti-histamine, which I had been doing to bring about sleep on some nights. There is little doubt that melatonin has far fewer side effects than an anti-histamine. If I take a full anti-histamine dose, or pill, I feel “rubbery” the next day. This is why I limit myself to 1/2 or 1/3 of an anti-histamine pill.
However, I have taken up to 40 MG of melatonin and I have never felt any side effects.
Furthermore, the WebMD article entirely left out the other positive aspects of melatonin. This is not true of the more general health websites that I have quoted above, but it is true of WebMD.
All of this makes it appear that establishment medical sources are deliberately undermining natural supplements like melatonin. Furthermore, the claim made by WebMD that there may be safety concerns is just not believable. WebMD does not do the math of comparing the risks of drugs, which are far far higher as I cover in the article A Calculation of the Relative Risks of Pharmaceuticals Versus Nutrition Supplements.
Do We Really Need More Studies to Endorse Melatonin Supplementation?
The WebMD articles and other articles repeatedly state that more studies are necessary to prove melatonin’s safety, however, melatonin is one of the more widely taken supplements. I am taking large doses of melatonin as are others that follow the advice of Jeff T Bowles. You can see people commenting on Jeff T Bowles website on the topic of melatonin. People are not complaining about side effects from taking high dosages of melatonin.
We live in a health information environment where we are warned against the dangers of something like melatonin or vitamin D but then told to take covid vaccines, which as I cover in the article How Safe Are Covid Vaccines, are bad for our immune system. However, before I was vaccinated, I don’t recall these health sources warning me about the vaccines.
As I cover in the previous article link, on risk calculation, the math of the medical establishment does not add up. They will hide and accept high-risk treatments if they are drugs, but then change the threshold to ridiculous levels when the topic changes to natural supplements.
The Lack of Integrated View of Melatonin
There are a lot of independent observations regarding melatonin’s benefits. However, there is certainly a lack of an integrated view of these benefits.
For example, the first problem is that melatonin is presented as primarily for initiating sleep. This is why I first took melatonin supplements years ago. However, the more one investigates the topic, the more connections melatonin has to different things. Melatonin is intertwined with the immune system, and is an immunomodulator. At least one reason is that melatonin, sleep, and immunity are all connected to each other. Yet I have never heard of melatonin recommended for those with auto immune disorders. In fact, the Mayo Clinic recommends against it as you can see in the following quotation.
Don’t use melatonin if you have an autoimmune disease. – Mayo Clinic
Why not? The Mayo Clinic does not explain.
However, I did find the explanation on the LiveStrong website.
Despite melatonin’s antioxidant properties, it has demonstrated a tendency to stimulate inflammation in people with certain autoimmune disorders. A study published in the October 2007 issue of the “British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology” demonstrated that rheumatoid arthritis actually worsened in study subjects who took melatonin. This finding surprised and disappointed the study’s authors, who thought supplemental melatonin might benefit people with autoimmune diseases. However, these results mirror more recent research published in May 2014 in the “Journal of Immunology Research,” which confirms that high levels of melatonin seem to worsen rheumatoid arthritis by stimulating immune cells to release inflammatory cytokines. – LiveStrong
That is a bizarre result, as melatonin has the opposite effect on the immune system.
Secondly, arthritis is only one of many autoimmune disorders. Does one study on one autoimmune disorder really provide enough information to recommend against melatonin for all autoimmune disorders?
LiveStrong goes on to make the following claim.
Because of its ability to promote sleep, melatonin should be taken before bedtime. Doctoroz.com recommends taking 0.3 to 1 milligram of melatonin an hour and a half before bedtime. The website warns that taking too much melatonin — more than 1 milligram — may have an adverse effect and end up disrupting your sleep cycle. – LiveStrong
As I have covered already earlier in this article, that is a ridiculously low level of melatonin, many people including me have taken enormously higher doses and reported only positive results. At 30 MG per day, not only is my sleep cycle not disrupted, it is greatly improved, allowing me to get to sleep earlier and to stop any reliance on anti-histamines to get to sleep.
The end result is that no matter how much melatonin I take (I have tried up to 40 MG) I can’t replicate the supposed side effects claimed by some medical establishment websites.
Now getting back to the claim around melatonin and arthritis (which is an autoimmune disorder), I found another study that showed the benefits of melatonin for many auto-immune disorders.
Other Auto-Immune Study #1: The Positive Impact of Melatonin on MS
An association between melatonin and MS has been suggested by several clinical observations. Sleep disruption is a frequent complaint in MS patients and contributes to daytime fatigue . Melamud et al. observed that MS patients excrete a subnormal proportion of 6-sulpahtoxymelatonin (a melatonin metabolite) in the urine at night, indicating a dysregulation of melatonin production or altered enzymatic metabolism of melatonin in MS patients, and may suggest melatonin may be involved in this disease . Shift work leads to disrupted circadian rhythms and sleep restriction, and a report published in 2011 found that shift work at a young age is associated with an increased risk for MS . These reports suggest that a dysregulation of physiological level of melatonin may contribute to the pathogenesis of MS.
The application of melatonin for the treatment of MS has been examined in the EAE animal model of this disease. One study in EAE indicated that melatonin treatment (5 mg/kg for 15 days) inhibited the onset of disease and reduced the severity of clinical signs. This protective effect resulted from the suppression of intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 production in the spinal cord . However, an earlier study demonstrated that inhibition of the immunoenhancing effects of melatonin by luzindole, a melatonin receptor antagonist, prevented the onset of EAE . Luzindole acts as a selective melatonin receptor antagonist, with a higher affinity for the MT2 receptor than for the MT1 receptor . Since both MT1 and MT2 are expressed on the cell surface of lymphocytes, this selective antagonist may trigger a complex effect in lymphocytes that could underlie the contrasting conclusions of these two animal studies. – NCIB
Other Auto-Immune Study #2: The Positive Impact of Melatonin on Crohn’s
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are immunologically mediated disorders collectively referred to as IBD. They are characterized by idiopathic, chronic, and relapsing inflammation in the small and large intestines.
The effect of melatonin treatment in animal models of IBD has been investigated. A study in 1995 showed that daily i.p. melatonin administration (150 μg/kg) reduced the severity of DSS colitis in mice . It was also reported that pretreatment of rats with melatonin (5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg) reduced the disease scores for colonic inflammation induced by acetic acid . This result is consistent with a previous study documenting that melatonin treatment at the same dose significantly ameliorated colonic injury in rat models of acetic acid-induced colitis and TNBS-induced colitis . – NCIB
Other Auto-Immune Study #3: The Positive Impact of Melatonin on Type 1 Diabetes
T1D, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), results from the destruction of insulin-producing β cells in the pancreatic islets and has been identified as a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease . T1D is usually diagnosed in young people and is also called as juvenile-onset diabetes or childhood-onset diabetes.
The expression of melatonin receptors has been detected in pancreatic β cells . Thus, melatonin treatment may also influence the physiological activities of β cells such as insulin production. Indeed, a study has demonstrated that the synthesis of melatonin was increased in an animal model of streptozotocin-induced T1D . Moreover, an influence of melatonin on insulin secretion has also been documented. Stumpf et al. reported that melatonin treatment inhibits insulin secretion in rat INS1 insulinoma β cells . – NCIB
The overall conclusion of the NCBI article is the following.
Melatonin has been demonstrated to possess multiple activities, including antioxidation, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory effects. – NCIB
Which is reinforced by this separate study.
These studies are in agreement with our study and have supported that the diabetic process may lead to pathologic processes by several mechanism, whereas melatonin treatment enhanced the cell defense due to its ability to restore antioxidants. Additionally, melatonin decreased the proliferation of splenocytes and type 1 helper cells . In conclusion, the characteristics of immune response and MCmediated activation in diabetic pathogenesis underline the mechanisms by which this inflammation contributes to many tissues, including lymphoid organs. In addition, melatonin could be a candidate for the design of novel therapies to moderate diabetic inflammation through its immune-modulatory and/or
antioxidant properties. – Endocrine Research
This graphic shows the interaction between melatonin and several auto immune diseases. The graphic shows a negative interaction or “promotion” of one two auto immune diseases, or arthritis and systemic lupus but only in males. The explanation why is found in the following quote.
One month of melatonin administration in female rats decreased inflammatory cytokine production. It also increased the induction of anti-inflammatory IL-10 production .
However, in the same study, melatonin treatment worsened lupus symptoms in male mice. It increased inflammatory cytokines and autoantibodies .
When melatonin reduces testosterone, it increases pro-inflammatory cytokines. This might be the cause of melatonin’s negative effects in male mice . – Self Hacked
But it shows inhibition in female mice for lupus, and shows inhibition of several other autoimmune diseases. Here is the explanation for the influence of melatonin on lupus.
Melatonin tends to promote the development and increase the severity of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis patients have increased melatonin concentration in their blood .
In one study, 75 patients either received 10 mg of melatonin (considered a high dose) at night or a placebo for six months. Melatonin increased ESR and neopterin, which are indicators of inflammation .
However, there was no significant difference in rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and proinflammatory cytokine levels in melatonin and control groups .
So, inflammation was increased, but the symptoms were not made worse by melatonin.
And here is the explanation for the influence of melatonin on MS.
Multiple sclerosis patients excrete an abnormal amount of melatonin metabolites in the urine at night. This indicates a dysregulation of melatonin production .
Melatonin deficiency plays an important role in the fluctuation of multiple sclerosis symptoms, fatigue, and mood disorders in patients .
Th17 cells also contribute to multiple sclerosis. Melatonin suppresses Th17 cells, which may help stop the progression of the disease . – Self Hacked
And here is the influence of melatonin on Crohn’s disease.
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are referred to as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Characteristics of IBD include the accumulation of immune cells in the intestinal tissues and inflammation in the intestines .
The immune cells that accumulate in the intestinal tissues include B cells, T cells, neutrophils, macrophages, and dendritic cells. Activation of these cells causes inflammation and increases proinflammatory cytokine levels .
Melatonin might protect against IBD by reducing pro-inflammatory markers (TNF-a and NF-κB), DNA damage, and oxidative stress . – Self Hacked
Therefore, the presentation by WebMD and Livestrong is inaccurate.
Deliberately Misrepresenting the Research on Melatonin and Auto-Immune Disease?
Isn’t that curious that both the Mayo Clinic and Livestrong did not incorporate the study that I found, and other studies showing the benefits of melatonin on autoimmune disorders? The Mayo Clinic and Livestrong don’t even go so far as to say that the studies are mixed. They instead jump immediately to presenting the findings of what might be a single study (I can’t tell where Mayo Clinic got its information that those with an autoimmune disorder should not take melatonin).
Secondly, neither the Mayo Clinic nor Livestrong was able to bring up the fact that melatonin degrading the immune system does not much sense as melatonin has a universally positive impact on the immune system in all of the studies and reading that I have done on the topic.
The advice given to those with an auto immune disorder that they should not take melatonin is terrible advice.
The Sleep Cycle or the Repair Cycle?
It is more descriptive to call the sleep cycle the repair cycle, as that is what is actually occurring when we sleep. Melatonin tells the body to prepare to repair itself (and sleep) and vitamin D instructs the body to use its resource to perform the repair and to not hold back.
This is why I have created a vitamin D cycle for supplementation, which is where all of the supplements that work along with vitamin D (vitamin K, zinc, magnesium, etc…) are taken before bed. This vitamin D cycle is explained in the article A List of Supplements and Dosages to Support the Immune System.
The Negative Outcome of the General Interpretation of Melatonin
As a result of the oversimplified explanation of melatonin, its full benefit for supplementation is very little understood by the general public.
Melatonin has so many benefits, its benefit as a sleep aid is just the tip of the iceberg. And the idea that those that look into melatonin are still being told that more studies are required, or one needs to be careful of melatonin side effects is scandalous. These articles are minimizing the use of an inexpensive and multi-area beneficial supplement.